Invited Day 4
Addressing the Multidimensionality of Security to Achieve Agenda 2030:
In partnership with UNESCO’s Management of Social Transformations programme (MOST)
High and increasing insecurities (political, armed conflicts and violence, economic, environmental and social) are both drivers and consequences of other insecurities, and thus hinder the implementation of the cross-cutting Agenda 2030 to “leave no one behind”.
Norway stated at the 72nd session of the United Nations’ General Assembly in 2017 “there can be no security without development and no development without security”, emphasizing that this correlation was one premise of the Agenda 2030, one which pointed to the importance of ‘rule of law’ and ‘good governance’.
The UN Secretary-General has emphasized the importance of restoring the approach to peace and security within the UN and beyond, and of working to prevent rather than to respond to crises. In contributing to the achievement of the UNSG’s vision of integrating the UN pillars – peace and security; human rights and development – policymakers need to respond to the various challenges in a holistic framework through, inter alia, building on policy relevant research findings - which is what this session will focus on.
It is clear that, in addition to political will and funds, the “world also needs improved understanding which the World Social Science Report 2016 is designed to provide”, as stated by UNESCO in its foreword. The 38th session of UNESCO’s General Conference stressed the importance of the MOST Programme in the design of public policies based on scientific evidence to achieve the SDGs.
Sustainable Development Goal 16 focuses on promoting peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development; providing access to justice to all; and building effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. All other SDGs are directly or indirectly connected to SDG 16 and multidimensional insecurities. This shows it fundamental importance for the implementation of Agenda 2030 and the UN Charter, including its focus on security.
On the institutional level, both nationally and internationally, SDG 16 sets out to combat societal institutional problems such as corruption, illegal financial and arms flows and organized crime. Institutions must also work towards inclusivity, transparency and accountability; increase the participation of developing countries in global governance; and develop sustainable and responsible policies and laws that support the aforementioned ambitions and enforce and protect the rights of people.
The wide range of issues related to security encompassed by the SDG 16, which is of particular relevance in a world with increasing geopolitical tensions, and other forms of insecurity (food, work, health, social integration, environmental, etc.) demonstrates the multidimensionality of the concept, which, in a policy-making context, calls for further investigation to ensure that ‘no one is left behind’.
Trust is an essential element in achieving an inclusive society, at local, national and global levels. However, levels of trust between citizens, civil society organizations and public decision-making bodies, as well as between sovereign states, is increasingly being replaced by a sense of injustice, threats and polarization. This is why transparency, accountability and inclusivity, as enshrined in SDG 16, must be incorporated in better policies, and especially in policies that are preventive.
This interdisciplinary policy-oriented discussion panel at the WSSF 2018 will consider, with the participation of ministers, distinguished representatives from Permanent Delegations to UNESCO and renowned researchers, the concept of security in all its facets, and the need for social science findings to bolster policy-making on security.
- Gudmund Hernes, the FAFO Institute in Oslo, BI Norwegian Business School, member of the Scientific Advisory Committee of MOST, Norway
- Georg Peter, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Belgium
- Maria Mourani, Québec Government Representative, Counsellor, Permanent Delegation of Canada to UNESCO, Canada
- Melissa Leach, Geographer and socio-anthropologist, Director of the Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, UK
- Heide Hackmann, Chief Executive Officer, International Science Council, France